Diamond consolidating the third wave democracies v 1
Political scientists and theorists believe that the third wave has crested and will soon begin to ebb, just as its predecessors did in the first and second waves.
Indeed, in the period immediately following the onset of the "war on terror" after the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, some backsliding was evident.
In political science, a wave of democracy refers to a major surge of democracy in history.
The term "Third Wave of Democracy" was first coined by Samuel P.
The Third wave began in 1974 (Carnation Revolution, Portugal) and included the historic democratic transitions in Latin America in the 1980s, Asia Pacific countries (Philippines, South Korea, and Taiwan) from 1986 to 1988, Eastern Europe after the collapse of the Soviet Union, and sub-Saharan Africa beginning in 1989.
Huntington has dubbed the "third wave" of democratization has seen more than 60 countries experience democratic transitions since 1974.This continued until 1922, when Benito Mussolini rose to power in Italy.The ebb of the first wave lasted from 1922 until 1942, during which the number of democracies in the world dropped to a mere 12.How significant or lasting that erosion is remains a subject of debate.Experts have associated the collapse of several dictatorships in the Middle East and North Africa, phenomenon known as Arab Spring, with the events which followed the fall of the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe.
While these countries have succeeded in bringing down authoritarian regimes and replacing them with freely elected governments, few of them can as yet be considered stable democracies.